Firday 13th

We're watching " Tiger King " on Netflix for sure. Our recommendations also include " Night on Earth ", " Ozark ," and more. See our picks. Voorhees is dead, and Camp Crystal Lake is shut down, but a camp next to the infamous place is stalked by an unknown assailant. After being mortally wounded and taken to the morgue, murderer Jason Voorhees spontaneously revives and embarks on a killing spree as he makes his way back to his home at Camp Crystal Lake. Having revived from his wounds, Jason Voorhees takes refuge at a cabin near Crystal Lake.

As a group of co-eds arrive for their vacation, Jason continues his killing spree. The monstrous spirit of a slain child murderer seeks revenge by invading the dreams of teenagers whose parents were responsible for his untimely death. Fifteen years after murdering his sister on Halloween nightMichael Myers escapes from a mental hospital and returns to the small town of Haddonfield, Illinois to kill again. Tommy Jarvis goes to the graveyard to get rid of Jason Voorhees' body once and for all, but inadvertently brings him back to life instead.

The newly revived killer once again seeks revenge, and Tommy may be the only one who can defeat him. Two siblings and three of their friends en route to visit their grandfather's grave in Texas end up falling victim to a family of cannibalistic psychopaths and must survive the terrors of Leatherface and his family.

Years after Tommy Jarvis chained him underwater at Camp Crystal Lake, the dormant Jason Voorhees is accidentally released from his prison by a telekinetic teenager. Now, only she can stop him. While Sheriff Brackett and Dr. Loomis hunt for Michael Myers, a traumatized Laurie is rushed to hospital, and the serial killer is not far behind her.

A group of young adults discover a boarded up Camp Crystal Lake, where they soon encounter Jason Voorhees and his deadly intentions. Still haunted by his past, Tommy Jarvis - who, as a child, killed Jason Voorhees - wonders if the serial killer is connected to a series of brutal murders occurring in and around the secluded halfway house where he now lives. A psychiatrist familiar with knife-wielding dream demon Freddy Krueger helps teens at a mental hospital battle the killer who is invading their dreams.

One summer at Camp Crystal Lake, a group of young counselors begin to get ready to lead campers. Unfortunately, someone isn't happy about what's going on in the camp and enjoys playing Kill the Counselor. As bodies fall to the ground in the camp, no one is safe. Written by FilmFanUK.

Friday the 13th is one of the films that to this day still has repercussions. It demonstrated the importance of setting the tone in horror movies, making the audience themselves feel as if they too were being stalked. Cunningham also was one of the few directors to introduce the idea of a possible female serial killer. Without this film, Scream's Randy would have never uttered those famous words, 'There are certain rules to surviving a horror movie. The creepy music, the infamous "ch-ch-ch-ha-ha-ha", the crude photography and the graphic depiction of the murders of the counsellors all blend together to give a classic piece of film history.

It scared the hell out of multitudes of teenagers who, in many instances could see themselves in the victims of the stalker.

These weren't bad people getting killed, these were just your typical average American kids, having a good time, getting picked off. That is what makes this film so defining, that is why, for all its crude and harsh imagery, this is a classic. This is why alot of recent attempts at horror don't measure up. It's not the effects or the blood necessarily, it's the atmosphere and the familiarity that bring it home.

It is more frightening to think, "That could be me".Long considered a harbinger of bad luck, Friday the 13th has inspired a late 19th-century secret society, an early 20th-century novel, a horror film franchise and not one but two unwieldy terms—paraskavedekatriaphobia and friggatriskaidekaphobia—that describe fear of this supposedly unlucky day.

Just like walking under a ladder, crossing paths with a black cat or breaking a mirror, many people hold fast to the belief that Friday the 13th brings bad luck. While Western cultures have historically associated the number 12 with completeness there are 12 days of Christmas12 months and zodiac signs, 12 labors of Hercules12 gods of Olympus and 12 tribes of Israeljust to name a few examplesits successor 13 has a long history as a sign of bad luck.

The ancient Code of Hammurabifor example, reportedly omitted a 13th law from its list of legal rules.

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According to biblical tradition, 13 guests attended the Last Supper, held on Maundy Thursday, including Jesus and his 12 apostles one of whom, Judas, betrayed him. The seating arrangement at the Last Supper is believed to have given rise to a longstanding Christian superstition that having 13 guests at a table was a bad omen—specifically, that it was courting death.

firday 13th

In the lateth century, a New Yorker named Captain William Fowler sought to remove the enduring stigma surrounding the number 13—and particularly the unwritten rule about not having 13 guests at a dinner table—by founding an exclusive society called the Thirteen Club.

The group dined regularly on the 13th day of the month in room 13 of the Knickerbocker Cottage, a popular watering hole Fowler owned from to Four former U. An important milestone in the history of the Friday the 13th legend in particular not just the number 13 occurred inwith the publication of the novel Friday, the Thirteenth written by Thomas William Lawson. The book told the story of a New York City stockbroker who plays on superstitions about the date to create chaos on Wall Street, and make a killing on the market.

The horror movie Friday the 13threleased inintroduced the world to a hockey mask-wearing killer named Jason, and is perhaps the best-known example of the famous superstition in pop culture history.

firday 13th

The movie spawned multiple sequels, as well as comic books, novellas, video games, related merchandise and countless terrifying Halloween costumes. On Friday, October 13,officers of King Philip IV of France arrested hundreds of the Knights Templara powerful religious and military order formed in the 12th century for the defense of the Holy Land.

Imprisoned on charges of various illegal behaviors but really because the king wanted access to their financial resourcesmany Templars were later executed. Some cite the link with the Templars as the origin of the Friday the 13th superstition, but like many legends involving the Templars and their history, the truth remains murky.

In more recent times, a number of traumatic events have occurred on Friday the 13th, including the German bombing of Buckingham Palace September ; the murder of Kitty Genovese in Queens, New York March ; a cyclone that killed more thanpeople in Bangladesh November ; the disappearance of a Chilean Air Force plane in the Andes October ; the death of rapper Tupac Shakur September and the crash of the Costa Concordia cruise ship off the coast of Italy, which killed 30 people January But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us!

Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Some have suggested that its nasty reputation dates back to at least B. Others claim that the ancient Sumerians, who The 13th Amendment to the U.

Friday the 13th

Constitution, ratified in in the aftermath of the Civil War, abolished slavery in the United States. Researchers estimate that at least 10 percent of the U.Friday the 13th is considered to be the unluckiest day in the Gregorian calendar. Here are 13 facts about this day of ill-repute. Very little is known about the origins of the day's notoriety. Some historians believe that the superstitions surrounding it arose in the late 19th century. The first documented mention of the day can be found in a biography of Italian composer Gioachino Rossini, who died on a Friday 13th.

A book, Friday the Thirteenth, by American businessman Thomas Lawson, may have further perpetuated the superstition. Others believe that the myth has Biblical origins. Jesus was crucified on a Friday, and there were 13 guests at the Last Supper the night before his crucifixion. Another account suggests that the day has been associated with misfortune since when on a Friday the 13th, the French king gave the orders to arrest hundreds of Knights Templar.

firday 13th

So real that one scientific name wasn't enough. The fear of Friday the 13th is also called friggatriskaidekaphobia or paraskevidekatriaphobia. Now say that 10 times really fast!

Friggatriskaidekaphobia comes from Friggthe Norse goddess of wisdom after whom Friday is named, and the Greek words triskaidekameaning 13, and phobiameaning fear. Experts say that friggatriskaidekaphobia affects millions of people and estimate that businesses, especially airlines, suffer from severe losses on Friday the 13th. Triskaidekaphobia, or the fear of the number 13, is even more widespread. So much so that many high-rise buildings, hotels, and hospitals skip the 13th floor and many airports do not have gates numbered In many parts of the world, having 13 people at the dinner table is considered bad luck.

A bit of bad news for all of you who suffer from friggatriskaidekaphobia — all years will have at least one Friday the 13th. The good news is that there cannot be more than three Friday the 13ths in any given calendar year. The longest one can go without seeing a Friday the 13th is 14 months. For a month to have a Friday the 13th, the month must begin on a Sunday.

Don't believe us? Check out our Calendars and test it for yourself. There is a calendrical method to the madness of Friday the 13th. Whenever a common year begins on a Thursday, the months of February, March, and November will have a Friday the 13th. This will happen 11 times in the 21st century.

The February-March-November pattern repeats in a year cycle. In the 21st century, the cycle began in In6 years later, Friday the 13th occurred in February, March, and November. This won't happen for 11 more years untiland we'll have to wait again for 11 years until to see the February, March, and November trilogy.

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Three Friday the 13ths can occur in a leap year as well. If January 1 of a leap year falls on a Sunday, the months of January, April, and July will each have a Friday the 13th.

In the 20th century, this happened in, and And in the 21st century, this will happen four times in,and Notice something interesting? Yes, it is the year cycle again!

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The master of suspense was born on August 13, — so Friday, August 13, would have been his th birthday. He made his directorial debut in with a movie called Number Unfortunately, the film was doomed from the start and never got off the ground due to financial troubles.The franchise mainly focuses on the fictional character Jason Voorheeswho drowned as a boy at Camp Crystal Lake due to the negligence of the camp staff.

Decades later, the lake is rumored to be "cursed" and is the setting for a series of mass murders. Jason is featured in all of the films, as either the killer or the motivation for the killings. The original filmcreated to cash in on the success of Halloween[1] was written by Victor Miller and was produced and directed by Sean S. It was the highest-grossing horror franchise in the world until the release of Halloweenputting that franchise in the top spot.

Frank Mancuso, Jr. The television series was not connected to the franchise by any character or setting, but was created based on the idea of "bad luck and curses", which the film series symbolized.

When the franchise was sold to New Line CinemaCunningham returned as a producer to oversee two additional films, in addition to a crossover film with character Freddy Krueger from A Nightmare on Elm Street film series. Under New Line Cinema, thirteen novellas and various comic book series featuring Jason were published.

Friday the 13th: 13 Facts About the Unluckiest Day in the Calendar

Although the films were not popular with critics, Friday the 13th is considered one of the most successful media franchises in America—not only for the success of the films, but also because of the extensive merchandising and repeated references to the series in popular culture.

Jason's hockey mask has become one of the most recognizable images in horror and popular culture. In the original Friday the 13thMrs. She is determined to ensure the camp does not reopen, after her son Jason Ari Lehman drowned in the lake, due to the negligence of two staff members. Voorhees long enough to grab a machete and decapitate her.

Five years later, a group of teenagers arrive at Crystal Lake to set up a new camp, but Jason murders them. Ginny Field Amy Steelthe last counselor Jason attempts to kill, finds a cabin in the woods with a shrine built around the severed head of Mrs. Ginny fights back and slams a machete through Jason's shoulder. Jason is left for dead as Ginny is taken away in an ambulance.

Chris returns to her property with some friends, and Jason kills anyone who wanders into the barn where he is hiding. Taking a hockey mask from a victim to hide his face, Jason leaves the barn to kill the rest of the group.

Chris seemingly kills Jason with an axe to his head, but the night's events drive her into hysteria as the police take her away. Upon arrival, Jason awakens to kill the coroner and a nurse before returning to Crystal Lake. A group of friends rent a house on Crystal Lake and fall victim to Jason's rampage.

While distracted by Trish, Jason is attacked and ultimately killed by Tommy. Roy Burns Dick Wieand uses Jason's persona to become a copycat killer at the halfway home to which Tommy has moved.

When is Friday the 13th?

They eventually learn that Roy had a son who was murdered by one of the patients at the institution, triggering Roy to take on Jason's likeness and kill everyone there. Tommy inadvertently resurrects Jason C. Graham with a piece of the fence surrounding the cemetery acting as a lightning rod. Jason immediately heads back to Crystal Lake and kills the people working at the new summer camp. Tommy eventually chains Jason to a boulder that he tosses into the lake, where he leaves Jason to die.

Jason Kane Hodder is resurrected again, this time by the telekinetic Tina Shepard Lar Park Lincolnwho is trying to resurrect her father who drowned in the lake when Tina was a child. Jason once again kills those who occupy Crystal Lake and is returned to the bottom of the lake after a battle with Tina.

He follows a group of students on their senior class cruise to Manhattanwhere he kills the ship's crew and the majority of the students. Jason eventually melts away because the sewer is flooded with toxic waste. The FBI sets up a sting that successfully kills Jason.

Through possession, Jason manages to survive by passing his black heart from one being to the next. It is revealed that he has a sister and a niece, and that he needs them to get his body back.

Jason resurrects himself, but his niece, Jessica Kimble Kari Keeganstabs him with a mystical dagger and he is dragged into Hell. Jason X takes place in the future, when Jason has again been inexplicably resurrected. A scientist, Rowan LaFontaine Lexa Doigdecides that cryonic suspension is the only method of stopping him, but Jason breaks free and kills the army personnel guarding him before he can be again imprisoned.Friday the 13th is considered an unlucky day in Western superstition.

It occurs when the 13th day of the month in the Gregorian calendar falls on a Fridaywhich happens at least once every year but can occur up to three times in the same year—for example, inFriday the 13th occurred in February, March, and November. According to folklore historian Donald Dossey, the unlucky nature of the number "13" originated with a Norse myth about 12 gods having a dinner party in Valhalla.

Dossey: "Balder died, and the whole Earth got dark. The whole Earth mourned. It was a bad, unlucky day. The superstition may have also arisen in the Middle Ages"originating from the story of Jesus' last supper and crucifixion " in which there were 13 individuals present in the Upper Room on the 13th of Nisan Maundy Thursdaythe night before his death on Good Friday.

An early documented reference in English occurs in Henry Sutherland Edwards ' biography of Gioachino Rossiniwho died on a Friday 13th:. He [Rossini] was surrounded to the last by admiring friends; and if it be true that, like so many Italians, he regarded Fridays as an unlucky day and thirteen as an unlucky number, it is remarkable that on Friday 13th of November he passed away. It is possible that the publication in of Thomas W. Lawson 's popular novel Friday, the Thirteenth[12] contributed to disseminating the superstition.

In the novel, an unscrupulous broker takes advantage of the superstition to create a Wall Street panic on a Friday the 13th. A suggested origin of the superstition—Friday, 13 Octoberthe date Philip IV of France arrested hundreds of the Knights Templar —may not have been formulated until the 20th century. In Spanish-speaking countriesinstead of Friday, Tuesday the 13th martes trece is considered a day of bad luck. The Greeks also consider Tuesday and especially the 13th an unlucky day.

The fall of Constantinople to the Fourth Crusade occurred on Tuesday, April 13,and the Fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans happened on Tuesday, 29 Mayevents that strengthen the superstition about Tuesday. In Italian popular culture, Friday the 17th and not the 13th is considered a day of bad luck. By shuffling the digits of the number one can easily get the word VIXI "I have lived", implying death in the presentan omen of bad luck.

According to the Stress Management Center and Phobia Institute in Asheville, North Carolinaan estimated 17 to 21 million people in the United States are affected by a fear of this day, making it the most feared day and date in history.

Some people are so paralyzed by fear that they avoid their normal routines in doing business, taking flights or even getting out of bed.

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A study in the British Medical Journalpublished in[24] attracted some attention from popular science-literature, [25] [26] as it concluded that "'the risk of hospital admission as a result of a transport accident may be increased by as much as 52 percent' on the 13th"; however, the authors clearly state that "the numbers of admissions from accidents are too small to allow meaningful analysis". Subsequent studies have disproved any correlation between Friday the 13th and the rate of accidents.

On the contrary, the Dutch Centre for Insurance Statistics on 12 June stated that "fewer accidents and reports of fire and theft occur when the 13th of the month falls on a Friday than on other Fridays, because people are preventatively more careful or just stay home.

Statistically speaking, driving is slightly safer on Friday the 13th, at least in the Netherlands ; in the last two years, Dutch insurers received reports of an average 7, traffic accidents each Friday; but the average figure when the 13th fell on a Friday was just 7, In years which begin on the same day of the week and are of the same type that is, whether they are a common year or leap yearFriday the 13th occurs in the same months.

This sequence, given here for —, follows a year cycle from 1 March to 28 February Any month that starts on a Sunday contains a Friday the 13th, and there is at least one Friday the 13th in every calendar year.

There can be as many as three Friday the 13ths in a single calendar year; either in February, March and November in a common year starting on Thursday such asor Dor January, April and July in a leap year starting on Sunday such asor AG. The longest period that occurs without a Friday the 13th is 14 months, either from July to September the following year being a common year starting on Tuesday F e.Friday the 13th is a American slasher film produced and directed by Sean S.

The film tells the story of a group of teenage camp counselors who are murdered one by one by an unknown killer while attempting to re-open an abandoned summer camp. Prompted by the success of John Carpenter 's Halloweendirector Cunningham put out an advertisement to sell the film in Variety in earlywhile Miller was still drafting the screenplay. A bidding war ensued over the finished film, ending with Paramount Pictures acquiring the film for domestic distribution, while Warner Bros.

Critical response was divided, with some praising the film's cinematography, score, and performances, while numerous others derided it for its depiction of graphic violence. Aside from being the first independent film of its kind to secure distribution in the U.

In at Camp Crystal Lake, counselors Barry Jackson and Claudette Hayes sneak inside a storage cabin to have sex, where an unseen assailant murders them. Twenty-one years later, camp counselor Annie Phillips is given a lift halfway to the reopened Camp Crystal Lake by a truck driver named Enos, despite an elderly man named Crazy Ralph warning her. While driving, Enos warns Annie about the camp's past, informing her about a young boy who drowned at Crystal Lake inthe two murders inseveral fires after that, and poisoned water in After being dropped off, she hitches another ride from an unseen person, who chases her into the woods and slashes her throat.

As a thunderstorm approaches, Steve leaves the campground to stock supplies. Ned sees someone walk into a cabin and follow. While Jack and Marcie have sex in one of the cabin's bunk beds, they are unaware of Ned's body above them, with his throat slit.

When Marcie leaves to use the bathroom, Jack's throat is pierced with an arrow from beneath the bed.

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The killer follows Marcie into the bathrooms and slams an ax into her face. Brenda hears a voice calling for help and ventures outside to the archery range, where the lights turn on. Later, Steve returns and recognizes the unseen killer, who stabs him. Worried by their friends' disappearances, Alice and Bill leave the main cabin to investigate. They find the ax in Brenda's bed, the phones disconnected, and the cars inoperable. When the power goes out, Bill goes to check on the generator.

Alice heads out to look for him and finds his body pinned with arrows to the generator room's door. She flees to the main cabin to hide, only to be traumatized further when Brenda's body is thrown through the window. Soon after, Alice sees a vehicle pull up and rushes outside, thinking it is Steve. Instead, she is greeted by a middle-aged woman named Pamela Voorheeswho claims to be an old friend of Steve and his family.

She reveals that her son, Jason Voorhees was the young boy who drowned inblaming his death on the counselors who were supposed to be watching him, but they instead were having sex. Revealing herself as the killer, she attempts to kill Alice, but Alice knocks her out. At the shore, she tries to kill her again with a machete, but Alice gains the advantage and decapitates her.

Exhausted, Alice boards and falls asleep inside a canoe, which floats out on Crystal Lake. Suddenly Jason's corpse attacks her, dragging her into the lake, but then it turns out to be a dream and she awakens inside a hospital with a police sergeant and medical staff tending to her. When Alice asks about Jason, the sergeant says there was no sign of any boy.

She says: "then he's still there," as the lake is shown at peace. Film scholar Williams views Friday the 13th as "symptomatic of its era," particularly Reagan-era America, and part of a trajectory of films such as The Texas Chain Saw Massacre and Race with the Devilwhich "exemplify a particular apocalyptic vision moving from disclosing family contradictions to self-indulgent nihilism.

Film critic Timothy Shary notes in his book Teen Movies: American Youth on Screen that where Halloween introduced a "more subtle sexual curiosity within its morbid moral lesson," films such as Friday the 13th "capitali[zed] on the reactionary aspect of teen sexuality, slaughtering wholesale those youth who deigned to cross the threshold of sexual awareness. Hogan notes that, "throughout the film, teenage boys are hideously dispatched, but not with the same buildup and attention to detail that Cunningham and makeup wiz Tom Savini reserved for nubile young girls.

The film has spurred critical discussion in regard to its villain being female, a plot point examined at length by film scholar Carol J.Ross Lynch fires pucks all over the place as he teaches Jay how to be a hockey goalie in the "Special Skills" season finale. Watch the video.

Title: Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter Having revived from his wounds, Jason Voorhees takes refuge at a cabin near Crystal Lake. As a group of co-eds arrive for their vacation, Jason continues his killing spree. Tommy Jarvis goes to the graveyard to get rid of Jason Voorhees' body once and for all, but inadvertently brings him back to life instead.

The newly revived killer once again seeks revenge, and Tommy may be the only one who can defeat him. Voorhees is dead, and Camp Crystal Lake is shut down, but a camp next to the infamous place is stalked by an unknown assailant.

Still haunted by his past, Tommy Jarvis - who, as a child, killed Jason Voorhees - wonders if the serial killer is connected to a series of brutal murders occurring in and around the secluded halfway house where he now lives.

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Years after Tommy Jarvis chained him underwater at Camp Crystal Lake, the dormant Jason Voorhees is accidentally released from his prison by a telekinetic teenager. Now, only she can stop him. A group of camp counselors are stalked and murdered by an unknown assailant while trying to reopen a summer camp where, years before, it was the site of a child's drowning and a grisly double murder. A boatful of graduating high school students headed to Manhattan accidentally pull Jason Voorhees along for the ride.

A group of young adults discover a boarded up Camp Crystal Lake, where they soon encounter Jason Voorhees and his deadly intentions. Jason Voorhees returns with a new look, a new machete, and his same murderous attitude as he is awakened on a spaceship in the 25th century.

Freddy Krueger and Jason Voorhees return to terrorize the teenage population. Except this time, they're out to get each other, too. A psychiatrist familiar with knife-wielding dream demon Freddy Krueger helps teens at a mental hospital battle the killer who is invading their dreams. After being stabbed in the head by Chris Higgins. Jason Vorhees is believed to be dead and is taken to a Hospital for an Autopsy.

However, He is Alive and kills a Doctor and a Nurse and is loose once more. Jason begins killing the Teenagers and kills Tommy's Mother. It's now up to Tommy and His Older Sister to kill Jason and end his murderous rampage once and for all. Joseph Zito, the director hauled in to oversee this fourth installment, previously directed the wretched "The Prowler", the wooly but entertaining "Invasion USA", and would go on to direct the shot-in-South Africa "Red Scorpion" with Dolph Lungren.

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